The level 4 autonomous driving technology requires a human driver seated inside a car to intervene in cases of emergency. Level 5 is fully autonomous and ideal for unmanned shuttles and cargo trucks that travel through designated routes. The development of autonomous driving technologies requires developers to repeatedly test their platforms in various situations and come up with solutions.
The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport has collaborated with the Korea Transportation Safety Authority (KOTSA) to upgrade facilities of K-City, an autonomous vehicle testbed in Hwaseong some 40 kilometers (24.8 miles) southwest of Seoul, to provide various environments that can simulate low-visibility weather conditions such as heavy rain and thick fog, The new testbed will be usable in the first half of 2022.
K-City is a 320,000 square meter-wide autonomous testbed with a track and other facilities that will provide a city-like area to generate situations such as the disruption of GPS signals, vehicle-to-everything communication failure, and crowded roads. Pedestrians and traffic will simulate a busy city road using robots. Self-driving cars will be evaluated based on their ability to avoid traffic and counteract unexpected situations.
"We hope K-City plays an important role in the early commercialization of fully autonomous vehicle technologies," Kim Jeong-hee, director of the transport ministry's vehicle policy bureau, said in a statement on December 20.
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